Official Name: People´s Democratic Republic of Algeria 

Shape of the State: Republic

National anthem: Qassamen


President: H.E.M. Abdelmadjid TEBBOUNE (The President is elected for a five year term by direct, secret and universal suffrage).

Parliament: Bicameral: The Council of the Nation / The National People’s Assembly.

Capital: Algiers

Main Cities: Oran, Constantine, Annaba, Ghardaïa, Tlemcen, Ouargla, Setif, Batna, Beja¡a, Mostaganem, Tizi Ouzou, Biskra

Administrative Organization: 48 Wilayas (Provinces), 535 Daïras (Sub-Prefectures), 1541 Communes (Municipalities)

Area: 2, 381, 741 km2

Geography: Located in North Africa, Algeria is bordered by the Mediterranean Sea on the north, Morocco, Western Sahara and Mauritania on the west, Mali and Niger on the south, and Libya and Tunisia on the east.

Climate: A Mediterranean climate in North, a semi-arid climate in Highlands, desert climate in the South

Time Zone: GMT+1

Official Languages: Arabic, Tamazight

Telephone code: + 213

National code of domains: DZ

Religion: Islam

Currency: Algerian Dinar (DZD)

Population: 40.4 million inhabitants

Average density: 16.08 inhabitants/km2

Life expectancy:

  • Men: 75.12 years
  • Women: 77.72 years

Population distribution by age:

  • Less than 19 years: 39%
  • Between 19 and 64 years: 56%
  • More than 65 years: 5%

Working days: Sunday to Thursday

Main maritime ports:  09 many services ports: Algiers, Béjaïa, Annaba, Oran, Djen Djen (Jijel), Mostaghanem and Ghazaouat and 2 ports specialised in hydrocarbons export (Arzew and Skikda).

Main airports: 31 airports open to civil aviation 14 of which are intended to international traffic: Algiers, Oran, Annaba, Béjaia, Constantine, Ouargla, Sétif, Biskra, Adrar...

Legal Holidays:

1- National Holidays:

- Day of Independence (July 5th)

- National Day: November 1st (Launching of Liberation War in 1954)

2- Civil Holidays:

- Labor Day (May 1st)

- New Year´s Day (January 1st)

3- Religious holidays:

- Aïd-El-Fitr (2 days)

- Aïd-El-Adha (2 days)

- Awwal Muharram

- Ashura

- El Mawlid en-Nabawi 

Algeria, a gateway between Africa and Europe, has been battered by violence over the past half-century.

More than a million Algerians were killed in the fight for independence from France in 1962, and the country has recently emerged from a brutal internal conflict that followed scrapped elections in 1992. The Sahara desert covers more than four-fifths of the land. Oil and gas reserves were discovered there in the 1950s, but most Algerians live along the northern coast. The country supplies large amounts of natural gas to Europe and energy exports are the backbone of the economy. Algeria was originally inhabited by Berbers until the Arabs conquered North Africa in the 7th century. Based mainly in the mountainous regions, the Berbers resisted the spread of Arab influence, managing to preserve much of their language and culture. They make up some 30% of the population.

Part of the Turkish Ottoman Empire from the 16th century, Algeria was conquered by the French in 1830 and was given the status of a an overseas province. The struggle for independence began in 1954 headed by the National Liberation Front, which came to power on independence in 1962. In the 1990s Algerian politics was dominated by the struggle involving the military and Islamist militants. In 1992 a general election won by an Islamist party was annulled, heralding a bloody civil war in which more than 150,000 people died.

An amnesty in 1999 led many rebels to lay down their arms. Although political violence in Algeria has declined since the 1990s, the country has been shaken by by a campaign of bombings carried out by a group calling itself al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM).

Economy improves

The group was formerly known as the Salafist Group for Call and Combat, and has its roots in an Islamist militia involved in the civil war in the 1990s. Similiar but separate Islamist armed groups have emerged in recent years throughout the Sahara region, reinforced by arms obtained during the Libyan civil war. After years of political upheaval and violence, Algeria's economy has been given a lift by frequent oil and gas finds. It has estimated oil reserves of nearly 12 billion barrels, attracting strong interest from foreign oil firms.

However, poverty remains widespread and unemployment high, particularly among Algeria's youth. Endemic government corruption and poor standards in public services are also chronic sources of popular dissatisfaction. Major protests broke out in January 2011 over food prices and unemployment, with two people being killed in clashes with security forces. The government responded by ordering cuts to the price of basic foodstuffs, and repealed the 1992 state of emergency law. In 2001 the government agreed to a series of demands by the minority Berbers, including official recognition of their language - implemented in 2016 - after months of unrest.

People's Democratic Republic of Algeria

Capital: Algiers

  • Population 36.5 million

  • Area 2.4 million sq km (919,595 sq miles)

  • Major languages Arabic, French, Berber

  • Major religion Islam

  • Life expectancy 72 years (men), 75 years (women)

  • Currency dinar


Alger, la Mecque des révolutionnaires 1962-1974

Algérie : Objectifs du Millénaire pour le Développement (Rapport National 2000-2015)

Min. of Foreign Affairs

Nelson Mandela with Algerian National Liberation Army -1962-

Algeria - South Africa

African Investments and Business Forum : Algiers Meeting 3 to 5 December 2016

African Investments and business forum

Algerian Exporters Directory



Invest in Algeria

Investment opportunities in Algeria

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