Official Name: People´s Democratic Republic of Algeria
Shape of the State: Republic
National anthem: Qassamen
President: H.E.M. Abdelaziz Bouteflika (The President is elected for a five year term by direct, secret and universal suffrage).
Parliament: Bicameral: The Council of the Nation / The National People’s Assembly.
Main Cities: Oran, Constantine, Annaba, Ghardaïa, Tlemcen, Ouargla, Setif, Batna, Beja¡a, Mostaganem, Tizi Ouzou, Biskra
Administrative Organization: 48 Wilayas (Provinces), 535 Daïras (Sub-Prefectures), 1541 Communes (Municipalities)
Area: 2, 381, 741 km2
Geography: Located in North Africa, Algeria is bordered by the Mediterranean Sea on the north, Morocco, Western Sahara and Mauritania on the west, Mali and Niger on the south, and Libya and Tunisia on the east.
Climate: A Mediterranean climate in North, a semi-arid climate in Highlands, desert climate in the South
Time Zone: GMT+1
Official Languages: Arabic, Tamazight
Telephone code: + 213
National code of domains: DZ
Currency: Algerian Dinar (DZD)
Population: 40.4 million inhabitants
Average density: 16.08 inhabitants/km2
Population distribution by age:
Working days: Sunday to Thursday
Main maritime ports: 09 many services ports: Algiers, Béjaïa, Annaba, Oran, Djen Djen (Jijel), Mostaghanem and Ghazaouat and 2 ports specialised in hydrocarbons export (Arzew and Skikda).
Main airports: 31 airports open to civil aviation 14 of which are intended to international traffic: Algiers, Oran, Annaba, Béjaia, Constantine, Ouargla, Sétif, Biskra, Adrar...
1- National Holidays:
- Day of Independence (July 5th)
- National Day: November 1st (Launching of Liberation War in 1954)
2- Civil Holidays:
- Labor Day (May 1st)
- New Year´s Day (January 1st)
3- Religious holidays:
- Aïd-El-Fitr (2 days)
- Aïd-El-Adha (2 days)
- Awwal Muharram
- El Mawlid en-Nabawi